The vertebrae in your spine have sponge-like discs in between them that allow the spine to move and have flexibility. These discs are the reason you don’t experience pain from bone to bone friction. The round discs are composed of a strong outer layer as well as a soft, gel-like inner center. A herniated disc occurs when the disc’s center breaks through the strong outer layer.
Age is a common cause of a herniated disc. Other causes include:
Symptoms for herniated disc are dependent on where it’s located in the spine. If the herniated disc is in the lower area of the spine or in the lumbar, you could experience symptoms in the legs or hips. If the herniated disc is in the upper neck area of the spine or in the cervical, you may experience symptoms in your arms. Common symptoms to look out for are:
If you think you are experiencing the symptoms of a herniated disc, use our pain assessment tool to start your diagnosis.
Non-surgical treatment options are the first course of action in treating herniated discs. Treatments can include:
Robotic surgery allows the surgeon to pinpoint and hone in on the exact point of pain or injury. With an exact location of the herniated disc, a much smaller incision is created to remove the part of the disc that’s causing pain or pressure.
As with any spinal condition, it’s important to seek medical advice and treatment before the condition becomes too serious. Whether non-surgical or surgical treatment, the path to a pain-free life is waiting for you. Find the right treatment for you with our treatment finder assessment.